Rice (Oryza sativa L.), a monocotyledon, is normally grown as an annual plant, although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial and produce a ratoon crop for up to 30 years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it requires a lot of water.
Upland rice is rice grown on dry soil rather than flooded rice paddies. Upland rice is grown in rainfed, naturally well-drained fields prepared and seeded when dry, much like wheat or corn (maize), in mixed farming systems without irrigation and without puddling. The ecosystem is extremely diverse, including fields that are level, gently rolling or steep, at altitudes up to 2,000 m and with rainfall ranging from 1,000 to 4,500 mm annually.
Nearly 100 million people depend on the production of rice from rainfed upland regions to provide them with rice to eat as their daily staple food. Almost two thirds of the world´s total upland rice area is in Asia. Important producers are Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, Nepal, and Vietnam. Rainfed upland rice covers about 14 million hectares and contributes about 4% of the world´s total rice production.
FertiGlobal®: supporting upland rice cultivation management through every growing stage, strengthening the plants and increasing productivity with plant nutrition and biostimulant technologies.