The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an annual herbaceous plant about 30 to 50 cm in height grown in tropical and warm-temperate regions worldwide for its seeds and oil. The seeds contain up to 50% oil making it one of the important oilseed crops in the world. After pollination, the flower stalks elongate, growing downward and penetrating into the soil, so the fruiting body develops entirely underground. That is why the fruit must be dug up from the soil to be harvested. The plant prefers light, well-drained, sandy loams, but will grow in heavier soils.
Cultivated peanut originated and was domesticated in South and Central America 3 to 5 thousand years ago. From the cultivation perspective, the peanut crop as a Nitrogen (N) fixating crop improves the soil fertility and land of improved soil fertility can be put to use for cultivating other crops. This capacity to fix N means peanuts require less Nitrogen-containing fertilizers, making them valuable in crop rotations. Peanuts are a good source of livelihood to augment familiy income. Around 300 different products are made from peanuts.
World production of peanuts is approximately 45 million metric tons, with China being the world´s largest producer (around 38% of total world production). The United States is the third largest producer, and exports about 20 to 25% of production. About 60% of the peanuts grown are made into peanut butter. Other important producers are India, Nigeria, Sudan, and Myanmar.
FertiGlobal®: supporting peanut cultivation management through every growing stage, strengthening the plants and increasing productivity with plant nutrition and biostimulant technologies.