Coffee plants are shrubs or small trees native to tropical and southern Africa and tropical Asia. There are more than 120 different species. The two most popular are Coffea arabica L. (simply known as “Arabica coffee”) and Coffea canephora (known as “Robusta coffee”). Arabica coffee accounts for 60 to 80% of the world´s coffee production whereas Robusta coffee accounts for 20 to 40%.
Main coffee producing countries are Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, Ethiopia and India. South America is responsible for about 45% of the world´s total coffee exports. Most of this coffee is grown in Brazil. Coffee plants are grown in rows several feet apart. They need specific conditions to flourish. Ideally, Arabica coffee plants are grown at temperatures between 15 and 24 °C (59 and 75 °F) and Robusta plants between 24 and 30 °C (75 and 86 °F). Annual precipitations between 15 and 30 cm (5.9 and 11.8 in) are considered adequate.
Approximately 125 million people worldwide depend on coffee to support and maintain their livelihoods. It is the most valuable and widely traded tropical agricultural product, with 25 million smallholder farmers producing 80% of the world´s coffee.
FertiGlobal®: supporting coffee cultivation management through every growing stage, strengthening the plants and increasing productivity with plant nutrition and biostimulant technologies.