Apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is the most favored fruit of millions of people and is a widely grown fruit in temperate regions of the globe. Apple, a member of Rosaceae family, is one of the most ancient and popular fruits in the world. While apples are mostly consumed fresh, they are processed into beverages, jam, jelly, and other forms of foods. Polyphenols are the bioactive compounds. The consumption of apple and its processed products or extracts rich in polyphenols have been linked to reduced risk in cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and many other diseases.
The apple is the pomaceous fruit of the apple tree, Malus domestica Borkh. in the rose family. The tree requires a winter period, in which it is dormant, in order to fruit in the spring , but must be protected from frost while the flowers and fruits are young. The tree is small and deciduous, reaching 3 to 12 m tall, with a broad, twiggy crown. Blossoms are produced in spring simultaneously with the budding of the leaves. The flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades. The fruit matures in fall and is typically 5 to 9 cm in diameter. The tree originated from Central Asia, where its wild ancestor is still found today. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples. Different cultivars are available for temperate and subtropical climates. Commercially popular apple cultivars are soft but crisp. Other desired qualities in modern commercial apple breeding are a colorful skin, ease of shipping, lengthy storage ability, and high yields.
The total area harvested in the world for apples is around 5 million hectares. At least 75 million metric tons of apples are yearly grown worldwide. With an apple production that amounts to around 41 million metric tons per year, China is currently the world´s largest apple producer. The European Union comes in second place with about 11 million metric tons of apples, followed by the United States, Turkey, India, Iran, Russia, Brazil, Chile, and Ukraine.
FertiGlobal®: supporting apple cultivation management through every growing stage, strengthening the plants and increasing productivity with plant nutrition and biostimulant technologies.